﻿ Chess Lessons - Solutions to Exercises on How The Chess Pieces Move

# Lesson 2 - How The Pieces Move: Solutions To The Exercises

Below are the solutions to the exercises of this lesson.

## Questions

1. Which piece can jump over other pieces? The knight

2. Which piece cannot go backward when moving? The pawn

3. Which piece is forced to move only one one color square? The bishop

4. Which pieces are qualified as minor pieces? The bishop and the knight

5. Which pieces are qualified as heavy or major pieces? The rook and the Queen

a) How many squares are available to the black Queen for her next move? 4

b) Which piece the black bishop in g4 can capture? A knight

c) Which square this piece is occupying? f3

d) How many white pieces can capture the pawn on e5? 2 pieces: the pawn on d4 and the knight on f3.
However, we have to note that if White uses the knight to capture the black pawn, he risks loosing his Queen since Black could then capture it with their bishop on g4. Black would then have a greater compensation for their pawn. White is better not use his knight for the capture since it is shielding the Queen. In this case, we say that the knight is "pinned" by the bishop on g4. Since White does not want to loose his Queen for a pawn, we could then say that in reality, only 1 piece, the pawn on d4, is safe to capture on e5.

e) How many black pieces are protecting it? 2 pieces: the pawn on d6 and the knight on c6.
However, as we have seen above, we can say that the bishop on g4 is protecting the pawn also, indirectly, as it is pinning one of its attacking piece, the knight on f3, to its Queen.

7.

In the following diagram, on which square must the white Queen move in order to attack safely the largest number of black pieces? On the e6 or d2 squares.
On e6, the Queen is on a safe square and it is attacking 3 pieces: the 2 knights and the rook. Black cannot save them all and will loose one of them (probably a knight...). In d2, the Queen is attacking the bishop and 2 pawns. However, Black can move to bishop to a safe square and the Queen will feast only on one of the pawn. It is good if you got one of these two answers. The question was about moving the Queen. However, if you answered was moving the Queen on e6, pat yourself on the back if you saw that this square was better than d2 because the gain was greater for White. In chess, we can find good move. However, we should always verify if better ones exist!
We have to note that the Queen can also attack 3 pieces on e4 and h4 and 4 pieces on e4 but these squares are not safe since Black would capture it first...

8.
 In the following diagram, on which square must the black King move to ensure it will be capturing a piece on its next move? On the d7 square. The King is sure to get at least the pawn since White will prefer to save the rook.

When you are done, you can continue with the next lesson and learn the pieces' value, attacks and threats.