||Please use the diagram to answer the following questions:
a) How many squares are available to the black Queen for her next move? 4
b) Which piece the black bishop in g4 can capture? A knight
c) Which square this piece is occupying? f3
d) How many white pieces can capture the pawn on e5? 2 pieces: the pawn on d4 and the knight on f3.
we have to note that if White uses the knight to capture the black pawn, he risks loosing his Queen since Black could then capture it
with their bishop on g4. Black would then have a greater compensation for their pawn. White is better not use his knight for the capture since it is
shielding the Queen. In this case, we say that the knight is "pinned" by the bishop on g4. Since White does not want
to loose his Queen for a pawn, we could then say that in reality, only 1 piece, the pawn on d4, is safe to capture on e5.
e) How many black pieces are protecting it? 2 pieces: the pawn on d6 and the knight on c6.
However, as we have seen above, we can say that the bishop on g4 is protecting the pawn also, indirectly, as it is pinning one of its attacking piece, the knight on f3, to its Queen.
In the following diagram, on which square must the white Queen move in order
to attack safely the largest number of black pieces? On the e6 or d2 squares.
On e6, the Queen is on a safe square and it is attacking 3 pieces: the 2 knights and the rook. Black
cannot save them all and will loose one of them (probably a knight...). In d2, the Queen is attacking
the bishop and 2 pawns. However, Black can move to bishop to a safe square and the Queen will feast only on one of the pawn.
It is good if you got one of these two answers. The question was about moving the Queen.
However, if you answered was moving the Queen on e6, pat yourself on the back if you saw that this square was better
than d2 because the gain was greater for White. In chess, we can find good move. However, we should always verify if better ones exist!
We have to note that the Queen can also attack 3 pieces on e4 and h4 and 4 pieces on e4 but these squares are not safe since Black would capture it first...